One of the complications from a serious accident may be a traumatic brain injury. This occurs when there is a strong blow to the head that causes damage to the tissues of the brain.
TBI has varying severities, and if someone is suffering from a moderate or severe injury, the effects are often permanent, and they usually require ongoing therapy.
Facts and stats about traumatic brain injuries
According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, millions of TBI cases occur in the United States every year, and the estimated associated annual costs are more than $76 billion. The rate of traumatic brain injury is higher in males than females and in older adults. The leading causes of non-fatal brain injuries are falls, motor vehicle accidents, and sports accidents. Almost 90,000 TBI victims have long-term disabilities due to the injury.
Long-term effects of a TBI
The Mayo Clinic reports that people who suffer from moderate or severe brain injuries initially require emergency and intensive care treatments. Once there is a stabilization of the injury and the minimization of secondary injuries, victims generally require a variety of rehabilitation services.
The long-term effects of a brain injury depend on the location and severity of the injury. The victim may experience physical, emotional, intellectual, mental, communication, and behavioral changes. Rehab therapies help these victims relearn basic skills and functions. Some of the necessary rehab services may include:
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Social work
- Recreational therapy
- Language and speech therapy
Some TBI victims only require rehab for a number of months or years after the injury, while other victims may need these services for their entire lives.